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“鼎铛玉石,金块珠砾” 辨释

2016年04月05日 10:14:06 来源:副校长 高福周 访问量:1480

     唐朝杜牧《阿房宫赋》中的名句“鼎铛玉石,金块珠砾,弃掷逦迤,秦人视之,亦不甚惜”,写出了秦始皇的骄奢淫逸,原本珍贵的宝鼎、美玉、黄金、珍珠,在秦始皇眼里,也只不过是极其普通的铁锅、石头、泥块和碎石子罢了。其中“鼎铛玉石”已经定型为成语,罗竹风主编的《汉语大词典》及其缩编《汉大成语词典》中均把“鼎铛玉石”解释为“谓视鼎如铛,视玉如石。形容奢侈。”“鼎铛玉石,金块珠砾”八个字,人民教育出版社出版的高中语文教科书上一直注释为:“把宝鼎看作铁锅,把美玉看作石头,把黄金看作土块,把珍珠看作石子。”而江苏教育出版社出版的高中语文教科书上也这样注释:“把宝鼎看做铁锅,把美玉看做石头,把黄金看做土块,把珍珠看做石子。”只是把“作”改写成“做”罢了。

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ruguoba“dang”、“shi”、“kuai”、“li”kanzuoshiyibandeyidongyongfa,neimetamendebinyushishenmeni?ruguobinyufenbieshi“ding”、“yu”、“jin”、“zhu”,youzenmehuifangzaiyidongci“dang”、“shi”、“kuai”、“li”deqianmianzhuyudeweizhishangni?

zhiyuyourenba“ding”、“yu”、“jin”、“zhu”kanzuoshimingciyongzuozhuangyu,fenbieshi“babaoding”、“bameiyu”、“bahuangjin”、“bazhenzhu”deyisi;ba“dang”、“shi”、“kuai”、“li”kanzuoshimingcihuoyongzuoyibandongci,ji“kanzuotieguo”、“kanzuoshitou”、“kanzuotukuai”、“kanzuoshizi”——zheizhishishengyingdizhijiekebendezhushibale,haowudaolikeyan。

zhiyuyourenrenwei“dingdangyushi,jinkuaizhuli”zhonggenbenmeiyoucileihuoyong,zheizhongguandianyezhishiyijieeryi,buzuweiping。

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congpuchenkuazhanglaikan,bubifansuoteyilieju“ding”、“yu”、“jin”、“zhu”dengbaowulaizuochenshuduixiang,shushuotamendegezizaoyu,“baodingbeikanzuotieguo,meiyubeikanzuoshitou,huangjinbeikanzuotukuai,zhenzhubeikanzuoshizi”,kuazhangdibiaodale“qinren”deshechiyinyi,mifeiminzhimingao,zaojianminli,zhengqiehe“fu”depuchenxuyao。

zongzhi,“dingdangyushi,jinkuaizhuli”shibeidongjushi,qizhongde“dang”、“shi”、“kuai”、“li”shimingcideyidongyongfa,zheijishiwenbenzhuzhibiaodadexuyao,youfeichangfuhe“fu”dejiqiaotedian。

 

编辑:陈汉超
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